Traditional project management emphasizes on conducting detailed upfront planning for the project with emphasis on fixing the scope, cost and schedule – and managing those parameters. Whereas, Scrum encourages frequent, iterative decision making in which the primary focus is on delivering products faster on a consistent cadence that satisfies customer’s changing requirements.
To deliver the greatest amount of value in the shortest amount of time, Scrum promotes prioritization and Time-boxing over fixing the scope, cost and schedule of a project. An important feature of Scrum is self-organization, which allows the individuals who are actually doing the work to estimate and take ownership of tasks.
|Emphasis is on||People||Processes|
|Documentation||Minimal - only as required||Comprehensive|
|Prioritization of Requirements||Based on business value and regularly updated||Fixed in the upfront Project Plan|
|Change||Updates to Prioritized Product Backlog||Change Management System|
|Leadership||Collaborative, Servant Leadership||Command and Control|
|Performance Measurement||Business value delivered||Plan conformity|
|Return on Investment||Early/throughout project life||End of project life|
|Customer Involvement||High throughout the project||Varies depending on the project lifecycle|